Effects of knee flexion angles in supine bridge exercise on trunk and pelvic muscle activity

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



EMG, Erector spinae, gluteus maximus, hamstring, hip extensors




© 2020, © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This study investigated the activity of surface electromyography (sEMG) on trunk and pelvic muscles during supine bridge exercise (SBE) with different knee flexion angles. Twenty-five physically active males participated in this study. Subjects received maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) tests followed by four SBEs with different knee flexion angles (40°, 60°, 90° and 120°) in random. sEMG activities of rectus abdominis (RA), erector spinae (ER), gluteus medius (GMed), superior gluteus maximus (SGMax), inferior gluteus maximus (IGMax), biceps femoris (BF) long head, and the ratio of SGMax/BF and IGMax/BF on the dominant side were measured. Non-clinical magnitude-based inference was performed to compare the effect. The results indicated a substantial change of muscle activity, especially between SBE with 40° and 120° knee flexion. With respect to ER and BF, moderate effect (−0.70 ± 0.17) and extremely large effect (−4.78 ± 0.51) were recorded, whereas very large effect for SGMax/BF (2.68 ± 0.23) and IGMax/BF (2.95 ± 0.26) was observed, respectively. Both ER and BF worked better with smaller knee flexion angles (40° > 60° > 90° > 120°), while SGMax and IGMax were more favourable to SBE with large knee flexion angles (90° = 120° > 60° > 40°).

Source Publication

Research in Sports Medicine



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