A review of renewable energy assessment methods in green building and green neighborhood rating systems
Green building, Green neighborhood, Renewable energy, Assessment method, Rating system, Assessment system
Green buildings and neighborhoods can help mitigate impacts of buildings on the environment, society and economy. Many rating systems or tools have been developed worldwide to assess and certificate green buildings or green neighborhoods. Renewable energy plays an important role in achieving green buildings/neighborhoods or zero energy buildings/neighborhoods by reducing fuel consumption and pollution emissions. However, substantial differences exist in assessing or quantifying the renewable energy in green building/neighborhood rating systems. This paper therefore provides a comprehensive review on renewable energy assessment methods adopted in green building/neighborhood rating systems, which would be very helpful to understand and then improve the rating systems. These methods are analyzed and discussed regarding to the calculation way, involved renewable energy types, building characteristics and energy conversion. Then a case study is conducted to quantitatively illustrate the difference of typical renewable energy assessment. Suggestions are summarized to improve the assessment methods. This paper will help investors, users and policy makers understand the rating systems more thoroughly and promote the development of green buildings and green neighborhoods.
Energy and Buildings
Zhang, C.,Cui, C.,Zhang, Y.,Yuan, J.,Luo, Y.,& Gang, W. (2019). A review of renewable energy assessment methods in green building and green neighborhood rating systems. Energy and Buildings, 195, 68-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.04.040