Meta-analysis of association between ALDH2 rs671 polymorphism and essential hypertension in Asian populations

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Journal Article

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Aldehyde dehydrogenase-2, rs671 genotype, Polymorphism, Essential hypertension, Risk factor




Background: Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) is an enzyme that oxidizes acetaldehyde into acetic acid during alcohol metabolism. Many studies indicate that the rs671 GG genotype in the ALDH2 gene may play a critical role in increasing the risk of essential hypertension (EH) associated with alcohol consumption, which predominantly occurs in men. However, the literature is inconclusive in this regard. This meta-analysis aims to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship between the rs671 polymorphism and EH for both male and female drinkers and nondrinkers.

Methods: Ten cohort and case-control studies were included in the analysis with a total of 12,161 subjects; 7,062 patients and 5,099 healthy controls.

Results: Our results show that the rs671 GG genotype was associated with an increased risk of EH compared with the AG+AA genotype (OR = 1.27, 95 % CI = 1.17–1.37, p < 0.00001). When comparing male and female subjects, only among male individuals was a higher risk of EH found in the GG genotype compared with the AG+ AA genotype (OR = 1.59, 95 % CI = 1.40–1.80, p < 0.00001). By contrast, among female subjects, the risk of EH in the rs671 GG genotype did not differ from that detected in the AA + GG genotype. The proportion of patients with EH was significantly higher for the GG genotype carriers than for the AG+AA genotype carriers, both in the subset of drinkers (OR = 1.51, 95 % CI = 1.23–1.86, p < 0.0001) and in that of nondrinkers (OR = 1.22, 95 % CI = 1.01–1.47, p = 0.03). In addition, among carriers of the GG genotype, the risk of EH among the drinkers was similar to that found in the nondrinkers’ subset (OR = 1.12, 95 %CI = 0.89–1.41, p = 0.34).

Conclusions: Our meta-analysis demonstrates that the rs671 GG genotype increases the risks of EH, especially in men, and is independent of alcohol consumption.

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