Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



The staggering numbers of eccentric reinforced concrete beam-column joints without seismic design details were used in existing RC frame building due to geometrical constraints, which implied high susceptibility of the building structures to anticipated seismic risk. Three exterior RC beam-column joints were fabricated and tested, which were applied reversed cyclic loads to simulate seismic action. In this study, the effects of stirrup ratio in joints and the eccentricity which is defined as the distance between the axis of the beam and column on seismic performance are investigated. The test results provide a further understanding of the failure mode and shear strength of exterior beam-column joints. It is shown that the eccentricity will significantly reduce the seismic performance and shear strength of the joints, which will cause the brittle failure of frame buildings, while the stirrups in the joint core can improve the seismic performance. To verify the availability of current codes in predicting the shear strength of eccentric beam-column joints with non-seismic detailed, the experimental results are compared with the predicted shear force of two nonseismic codes (HK code and Eurocode 2) and three seismic codes (Eurocode 8, NZS 3101 and ACI 318-14). The comparison results indicate that the existing non-seismic and seismic design codes of practice do not predict the shear strength of the exterior non-seismically designed joints precisely.

Source Publication

The 2019 World Congress on Advances in Structural Engineering and Mechanics (ASEM19) Jeju Island, Korea, September 17 - 21, 2019