Study of Synthesis of Biodegradable Plastics from Alkaline Fermented Excessive Activated Sludge

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



The environmental problems associated with plastics have become increasingly severe in recent years. Technologically and economically feasible solutions are in urgent need in order to ensure sustainable development in the plastic industry. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are a family of specialized polyesters of hydroxyalkanoates (HAs) and can be completely degraded in natural environment. They can be synthesized naturally or under artificially controlled processes. The barrier of limiting the application of PHAs is the high production cost. From years of study, PHAs are proofed to be able to be accumulated within the bacterial cells in activated sludge and the production yield had been greatly improved under the optimized Carbon to Nitrogen (C:N) Ratio and Carbon to Phosphorus (C:P) ratio. Therefore, PHAs synthesis is able to combine with wastewater treatment. However, high carbon source is still required for a higher production yield to offer substrate pressure for PHAs accumulation. On other hand, wastewater treatment plants produce large amount of excessive activated sludge (EAS) to send to landfill sites. This study aims to investigate the PHAs synthesis of PHAs from the fermented EAS via ferrous activated persulfate oxidation method and analyze the composition of the PHAs under various fermented sludge and wastewater. EAS samples were digested with combination of potassium monopersulfate, potassium bisulfate and potassium sulfate and ferrous sulfate to obtain the optimal concentration based on the digestion of EPS and intracellular substances. The optimized digested sludge was served as carbon source together with raw sewage for PHAs production. The ratio of Hydroxybutyrate (HB) to Hydroxybutyrate (HV) was investigated to reveal the relation with the digested sludge dosage. The outcomes of this study provide fruitful solutions to reduce the production cost of PHAs and maximize the reuse of EAS in wastewater treatment process

Source Publication

9th World Congress on Biopolymers and Bioplastics, London

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