Identifying uncontrolled asthma in young children: clinical scores or objective variables?
Asthma, Childhood Asthma Control Test, Control, Exhaled nitric oxide, Spirometry
Objective: Several international asthma guidelines emphasize the importance of assessing asthma control. However, there is limited data on the usefulness of available assessment tools in indicating disease control in young asthmatics. This study investigated the ability of Chinese version of Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) and other disease-related factors in identifying uncontrolled asthma (UA) in young children.
Methods: During the same clinic visit, asthma patients 4 to 11 years of age completed C-ACT and underwent exhaled nitric oxide and spirometric measurements. Blinded to these results, the same investigator assigned Disease Severity Score (DSS) and rated asthma control according to Global Initiative for Asthma.
Results: The mean (SD) age of 113 recruited patients was 9.1 (2.0) years, and 35% of them had UA. C-ACT, DSS and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) differed among patients with different control status (p < 0.001 for C-ACT and DSS; p = 0.014 for FEV1). Logistic regression confirmed that UA was associated with DSS (p < 0.001), PEF (p = 0.002), C-ACT (p = 0.011), and FEV1 (p = 0.012). By ROC analysis, C-ACT and DSS were the best predictors for UA (p < 0.001), followed by PEF (p = 0.006) and FEV1 (p = 0.007). When analyzed by the Classification and Regression Tree (CART) approach, the sequential use of DSS and C-ACT had 77% sensitivity and 84% specificity in identifying UA.
Conclusions: C-ACT is better than objective parameters in identifying young Chinese children with UA.
Journal of Asthma
Leung, T.,Ko, F.,Sy, H.,Wong, E.,Li, C.,Yung, E.,Hui, D.,Wong, G.,& Lai, C. (2009). Identifying uncontrolled asthma in young children: clinical scores or objective variables?. Journal of Asthma, 46 (2), 130-135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02770900802468533