Enhanced anoxic bioremediation of PAHs-contaminated sediment
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PAHs, Biodegradation, Anoxic conditions, Nah Ac cene
In this study, the biodegradation of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in marine sediment was investigated under three different anoxic conditions, i.e. sulfate-only, nitrate-only and mixed nitrate/sulfate as electron acceptors. All two-, three- and four-ring PAHs showed significant biodegradation with the removal efficiencies ranging from 42% to 77%, while five- and six-ring PAHs showed little degradation. The results illustrated that two- to three-ring PAHs could be degraded at a rate of 4.01×10−2–6.42×10−2d−1 under nitrate-reducing condition, faster than that of under sulfate-reducing condition. Biodegradation of two- and three-ring PAHs followed first-order model well with the rate constants of 1.62×10−2–6.42×10−2d−1. The biodegradation of four ring PAHs followed the zero-order kinetic model with the rate constants of 1.26×10−2–2.22×10−2mg/kg/d. Molecular analysis indicated that nahAc gene increased by two orders of magnitude during the biodegradation and served as a good indicator of PAHs-degrading bacterial population and biodegradation process.
Lu, X.,Li, B.,Zhang, T.,& Fang, H. (2012). Enhanced anoxic bioremediation of PAHs-contaminated sediment. Bioresource Technology, 104, 51-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.10.011