協助語音障礙幼兒的方法 Strategies to help preschool children with speech sound disorders
幼稚園老師在主流幼稚園及幼兒園有不少機會遇上有語音障礙的幼兒。本文引述教育統籌局於二零零三年發布的四種香港常見的學童語音錯誤。第一，學童比較難掌握/s-/(沙)、/ts/(揸) 及 /tsh-/(叉)音。第二，語音障礙的學童較常說錯/ph-/(婆)、/th/(頭) 及 /kh-/(卡)這三個音。學童亦較難掌握尾音(後輔音)，如/-m/(心)、/-n/(新) 及 /-ᶇ/(生)及複合韻母，如/ai/(哎) 及 /ui/(會)。本文探討數種方法協助老師在主流幼稚園支援語音障礙的幼兒，包括(1)了解幼兒的粵音表現、(2)適切的轉介、(3)以正面的態度對待有語音障礙的幼兒、(4)在日常的互動中促進幼兒語音發展及(5)善用資源。
Speech sound disorder is a type of common childhood language disorders. Hong Kong mainstream kindergarten and nursery teachers have frequently encounter this disorder. This article summarized the four major types of speech errors in Hong Kong children mentioned Hong Kong Education and Manpower Bureau (EDB) in 2003. Firstly, children have made errors in producing fricatives and affricates /s-/, /ts/ and /tsh-/ sounds. Secondly, they might have difficulties in producing aspirated sounds such as /ph-/, /th/ and /kh-/. EDB also highlighted that Hong Kong children might also have difficulties in pronouncing the final consonants such as /-m/, /-n/ and /-ᶇ/, and diphthongs such as /ai/ and /ui/. This article summarized the strategies that could be used by mainstream kindergarten teachers in helping those children with speech sound disorders, including (1) identification of speech sound disorders, (2) referral of children to government services, (3) promoting positive attitude towards children with speech sound disorders, (4) facilitating of speech sounds productions in daily activities, and (5) use of public resources available in Hong Kong.
香港幼兒學報 Hong Kong Journal of Early Childhood
Law, C.,& Leung, S. (2012). 協助語音障礙幼兒的方法 Strategies to help preschool children with speech sound disorders. 香港幼兒學報 Hong Kong Journal of Early Childhood, 11 (1&2), 35-44. Retrieved from https://repository.vtc.edu.hk/thei-fac-gen-ed-sp/3