Title

Promoting physical activity in group home settings: staff perspectives through a SWOT analysis

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2020

Keywords

focus group; group home; health promotion; intellectual disabilities; physical activity

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17165805

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate perceptions of staff about the promotion of physical activity (PA) in selected group residences of Hong Kong (HK), some of which had experienced a multi-component PA program. Method: Focus group interviews with nineteen staff members from four group homes (two of which received the program) were conducted. Findings: A SWOT analysis provided important insights into residential staff views about key influences on the quality of PA programs for residents with intellectual disabilities (ID). Positive (strengths and opportunities) and negative (weaknesses and threats) influences were identified. They were associated with characteristics of residents, staff, and group residence. Increasing age and low motivation are impediments to PA engagement of adults with ID. Staff competence and prior unsuccessful experience in promoting PA are also implicated. Conclusion: The PA program quality is mediated by the quality of staff interpersonal interactions with their clients and their commitment in encouraging such adults with ID to join and persistent in PA as well as staff seeking external resources and support as well as using initiative to adapt PA promotion activities in their specific group residential context.

Source Publication

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Volume Number

17

Issue Number

16

ISSN

16604601

First Page

5805

Last Page

5805

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