Effective Learning Through Deep Learning, What Matters: Self, Others, Way of Thinking, and/or Design of Learning Environment?

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Book Chapter

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Deep learning, Social learning, Personal learning, Information processing, Behavioral systems


Deep learning is important for achieving deep knowledge, but traditional teaching often falls short of providing a deep learning environment for learners. This study reviews existing studies about deep learning to examine whether there is any convergence in the explanations and definitions of deep learning based on evidence-based research. Content analysis of the 299 articles reviewed resulted in a set of keywords that were in turn grouped into four main themes corresponding to four models of learning: social, personal, information processing, and behavioral. The findings of this study provide practical guidance to academics and practitioners to design for deep learning, with reference to the learner, to the peers, to the way of thinking, and to the design of the learning environment. In the past, research studies would focus on one specific perspective to find its relationship to deep learning. This study suggests that all the four perspectives could be considered together, whenever it is appropriate. This study also finds that deep learning is a choice: as an approach of learning. It suggests that it is not the learner who could not think deep, but whether the learning design could encourage learners to choose more the deep learning approach.

Source Publication

Learning Environment and Design



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